How expectations created during interpersonal interactions affect health
Humans have evolved to heal by social means. There is evidence that the relationship between clinician and patient augments the effects of placebos. Relationship is critical to the success of all psychotherapies. As well, relationship between physician and patient is related to efficacy of medical procedures. The relationship has two components: competence and warmth. Each contributes independently to creating patient expectations. Some clinicians, regardless of profession and treatment they've provided, produce better outcomes than others and the differences are accounted for, in a major part, by relationship variables. In this workshop, three theoretical models are discussed of how a relationship is therapeutic.