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Beitragstitel Parental Early Life Adversities and Child Behavioral Difficulties: Investigating the Mediating Role of Parental Mental Well-Being, Partner Relationship Quality, and Parenting Practices in German-Speaking Parents
Beitragscode P27
  1. Eva Unternaehrer Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken (UPK) Basel Vortragender
  2. Pascale Mueller Universität Basel
  3. Christina Stadler Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken (UPK) Basel
  4. Study Team SMARTIES
Präsentationsform Poster
  • T27 - Trauma
Abstract Early life adversities (ELA), such as sexual, physical, and emotional abuse and physical and emotional neglect, are major risk factors for psychopathology. In addition, ELA might be transmitted from one generation to the next. This study investigated potential mechanisms in this intergenerational transmission of ELA, specifically parental mental well-being, partner relationship quality, and parenting stress and practices.
German-speaking parents (N = 121, age 25 to 60 years, M=40.2±6.7 years; 88.4% female) were invited to participate in an ongoing cross-sectional online study that started in November 2020. Children had to be aged between 2 to 16 years (M= 6.8±3.9 years, 52.1% female). We assessed ELA using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, symptoms of depression and anxiety using the Brief Symptom Inventory, parenting stress and relationship quality using the German Parent Stress Questionnaire, parenting using the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire, and child behavioral problems using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.
Preliminary results showed that parental ELA was associated with child internalizing, but not externalizing difficulties. Bootstrap mediation analyses suggested that parental symptoms of depression and anxiety mediated the effect of parental ELA on child internalizing difficulties. Despite no total effect, parental ELA and child total difficulties were indirectly associated through parental symptoms of depression and anxiety. All other investigated mediators did not show any indirect effects.
Our findings suggest that promoting the mental well-being of parents with a history of ELA might prevent behavioral difficulties in their offspring, particularly internalizing problems.